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Chestfeeding: An Inclusive Approach to Infant Feeding

For many people, the act of feeding a newborn baby from the chest or breast is a natural and intimate experience that strengthens the bond between parent and child. However, not all individuals who breastfeed identify as women. For those who may identify as non-binary, transgender, or gender-nonconforming, the language and cultural norms surrounding breastfeeding can feel exclusive and alienating.

Enter "chestfeeding." This term, which has gained popularity in recent years, is a more inclusive and gender-neutral way to describe the act of feeding a baby from a chest or breast. Chestfeeding recognizes that not all individuals who provide milk to their babies identify as women, and allows for greater visibility and acknowledgement of the diverse range of families who breastfeed.


While chestfeeding is still a relatively new concept, it has already sparked important conversations and advocacy efforts within the lactation and parenting communities. Here are some key points to keep in mind when considering chestfeeding:

  • Chestfeeding is not limited to any particular gender identity. Anyone who has nipples and is able to produce milk can chestfeed. This may include transgender men, non-binary individuals, and cisgender women.
  • Chestfeeding may require different forms of support than traditional breastfeeding. For example, chestfeeding individuals who have undergone chest surgery or hormone therapy may need specific guidance on milk production and nursing positions.
  • Chestfeeding can be a healthy and viable option for infant feeding. Research by the Journal of Human Lactation shows that chest milk provides important nutrients and antibodies that help protect babies against infection and illness.
  • Chestfeeding can help reduce the stigma and shame around breastfeeding. By using gender-neutral language and promoting a more inclusive approach to infant feeding, we can help break down barriers and create a more supportive environment for all families.

So, what can we do to support chestfeeding individuals and families? Here are a few ideas:

  • Use gender-neutral language when talking about breastfeeding and chestfeeding. For example, instead of saying "breastfeeding mom," use “lactating parent”, "chestfeeding parent" or "parent who chestfeeds."
  • Use gender neutral language when naming lactation spaces. Learn about naming lactation rooms here.
  • Provide access to knowledgeable lactation consultants who are familiar with chestfeeding. Many traditional breastfeeding resources may not be equipped to support non-binary or transgender parents, so it's important to seek out providers who are trained in inclusive lactation support.
  • Advocate for policies and practices that support chestfeeding families. This includes workplace accommodations for pumping or nursing, insurance coverage for lactation support, and healthcare provider education on inclusive infant feeding practices.

Overall, chestfeeding represents a positive step towards a more inclusive and supportive approach to infant feeding. By recognizing the diversity of families who breastfeed, we can create a more accepting and affirming world for all parents and children.